First AC sleeper Class of the Indian Railways

First AC sleeper Class of the Indian Railways are the most expensive mode of travelling. These are fully AC coaches. It consists of 4 or 2 berths per compartment and there are no side upper or side lower berths in 1A coaches. Compartment having 2 berths are called coupe and ones with 4 berths are called cabin.

Each compartment has a door which passengers can lock from inside. Charges are rocket high for First AC, sometimes even more than those of flight ticket but is worth giving a try. The berths are more comfortable and spacious, there is a small ladder to reach upper berth, dustbins to throw garbage (thanks to Swachh Bharat Abhiyan) and there are small tables for every passenger to have meals.

For trains like Rajdhani and Duronto, food is served in cutlery plates and bowls and there is special menu for 1A passengers unlike in 2A and 3A coaches where food is loaded from IRCTC’s Kitchen setups at various places. Also in some trains there is a button in each First AC compartment to call attendant at any point of time.

In some trains even washbasins are provided inside each compartment. There is also one washroom with shower facilities per coach where passengers can bathe and get ready. The curtains used in these coaches are fire-proof and blankets are covered and clean. Chart is prepared manually for 1A coaches hence, passengers get seat numbers only after chart is prepared.

If you are lucky, you might be welcomed with a flower and a welcome drink in this class making you feel like a Maharaja of some era.

  • Total Berths: 18-24
  • Chart Prepared manually.
  • Food prepared inside the train in pantry cars.
  • Pets (Dog or any other pet) allowed in this class subject to various conditions.
  • Washrooms to take shower (In some trains).

loco pilots

Where do loco pilots stay after their trip?

In their second home “ running room’. After reaching the relief point towards outside from headquarter they relieved by a new set of crew. Now they have to stay for a minimum of 06 hours to 08 hours at their second home running room. Here are images the of running room.

They have to register their names in the running room register. The crew are given a separate room. Like this. Nowadays mostly all the running rooms are air-conditioned.

After get fresh they have to go to the market to buy the ration for them. Cooks in the running room will make their meals. Now they can read magazines in the hall, can also do meditation, yoga or taking rest in their room.

Thill calls for at dining hall when their meals will ready. Dining hall.

After completing the meal now it is time to take rest. They will call for their train towards headquarter after rest.

Runniisfis distalmost memorable place of loco pilots apart from home.

Railbus in Indian Railways

It is a light weight passenger vehicle operated by Indian Railways on its tracks. The body of the railbus looks similar to that of those operated on the roads except for the bogies and the wheels. It is generally operated for a short distances in India. A railbus in India looks like this

Since passengers are increasing nowadays railbus is being replaced by EMUs and DMUs

BEML Railbus Specifications

The Length: 10.7m; width: 3.2m; height: 3.65m; wheel-base: 7m. Tare weight is 16t and gross weight is 24t. The body is all steel, with an integral shell design of formed and rolled sections welded together. There are driving cabs at each end of the railbus, each with access through sliding doors one on the side and one leading to the passenger compartment. A door in the middle of the railbus leads to the passenger compartment.

Max. speed 60km/h. Engine: inline 6-cylinder, with mechanical variable speed governor, 175hp. Transmission: automatic hydraulic with twin turbine torque converters. (Allison torque converter, made by Hindustan Motors.) Drive: single driven axle (axle-mounted bevel gear drive with single stage reduction). Brakes: Service brakes use compressed air; there are also standby brakes (with separate brake valves) in case of main brake failure, and air-assisted parking brakes.

Axle/wheel capacity is 13 tonnes; wheel diameter 915mm. Suspension: single-stage with vertical guide, helical spring, and shock absorber. Electricals: 24V 180Ah lead-acid battery for starting, controls, lighting; 24V 45A alternator

Railbus services can be found in states like Andhra Pradesh,Karnataka,Rajasthan,UP etc

longest running Superfast train in Indian Railways

The longest running Superfast train in Indian Railways is Aronai Superfast Express.

About Aronai Superfast Express

  • Aronai Superfast Express is a superfast express train that runs between two indian cities Thiruvananthapuram Central, Kerela and Silchar, Assam.
  • The train operates as train number 12507 from Thiruvananthapuram Central to Silchar and as train number 12508 in reverse direction serving 8 indian states i.e. Assam, West Bengal, Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Kerela.
  • The train travels 3,925 kilometers between Thiruvananthapuram Central and Silchar.
  • The train is being operated by Northeast Frontier Railway zone of Indian Railways.
  • 12507 Aronai SF Express departs Thiruvananthapuram Central on Tuesday at 04:55 pm and arrives Silchar on Friday at 07:00 pm on the fourth day of commencing of journey. The total travel time is 74 hours 05 minutes.
  • 12508 Aronai SF Express departs Silchar on Thursday at 08:05 pm and arrives Thiruvananthapuram Central on Sunday at 10:40 pm on the fourth day of commencing of journey. The total travel time is 74 hours 35 minutes.
  • The train runs with ICF coaches in which there are 4 AC III tier coach, 1 AC II tier coach, 11 sleeper coach, 1 pantry car, 2 unreserved coach and 2 SLR coach. The total coaches in this train is 23 coaches.
  • The train currently holds the unique record of being the longest distance running superfast train in Indian Railways.
  • Initially, the train ran between Guwahati and Thiruvananthapuram Central. On November 21, 2017, the train was extended to Silchar.
  • The train has rake sharing with 12515/12516 Thiruvananthapuram Central – Silchar SF Express.

Note 1 :- As stated above, the 12507/12508 Aronai SF Express has rake sharing with 12515/12516 Thiruvananthapuram Central – Silchar SF Express. Both the train runs via same route and zones of Indian Railways. The main difference between both the train is travel time.

  • The approximate travel time of Aronai SF Express is 74 hours whereas the approximate travel time of 12515/12516 SF Express is 76 hours.
  • So, Aronai SF Express is the longest running superfast train in Indian Railways.

Note 2 :- Before November 21, 2017, the longest running superfast train in India was 22501/22502 New Tinsukia – Bengaluru Weekly SF Express because the train 12507/12508 Aronai SF Express was running between Thiruvananthapuram Central and Guwahati and due to this the total distance travel of New Tinsukia – Bengaluru Weekly SF Express was more than Aronai SF Express.

  • The train New Tinsukia – Bengaluru Weekly SF Express runs 3,563 kilometers between New Tinsukia and Bengaluru whereas the train Aronai SF Express runs 3,546 kilometers between Thiruvananthapuram Central and Guwahati.
  • So, New Tinsukia – Bengaluru Weekly SF Express was the longest running superfast train in Indian Railways before November 21, 2017.

Types of train horns in Indian Railways

Here is a list of the horns that are used in the railways along with their significance:

1. One short Horn

When one short horn is blown, it means that the driver of the train, i.e. the locomotive pilot is going to take the train to the yard for washing and cleaning.

2. Two short horns

A locomotive pilot blows two short horns in order to call for the guard’s signal before starting the train.

3. One long horn

This signifies the departure of the train from the station on receipt of clear signal.

4. One long and one short horn

After blowing of these horns, the guard releases the brakes and ensures that the main line is clear in order to start the train.

5. Two long followed by two short horns

These horns are blown in order to call the guard to come to engine of the train.

6. Two short horns followed by a long horn

This signifies a sudden loss of brake pressure or vacuum, which could be due to an alarm chain being pulled.

7. Three short horns

This means that the train is out of control and the guard is required to assist or apply brakes.

8. Four short horns

This signifies that the train is unable to proceed due to an accident, failure or other such reason.

9. One very long horn

This type of horn has many reasons such as the train is approaching a level crossing or a tunnel area or its running through the station without stopping or recalling the staff protecting the train in the rear.

10. One long horn followed by a short horn, twice

This means that the chain has been pulled and the guard has to apply vacuum brakes.

11. Six short horns

A motorman will blow six short horns if there is a premonition of danger or the train is moving in the wrong direction on a double line.

To conclude, the types of horns blown through a train’s journey are of great significance. They are a signal of things that are going to happen or that have happened and have been used since the early days of railways. So the next time you travel by a train, pay attention to the horns being blown to get a better understanding of things happening around you.

ప్రపంచంలోనే అతిఎత్తైన రైల్వే వంతెన

Largest Railway Bridge Connecting Kashmir Come in to Force by Next Year - Sakshi

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