1. Tehri Dam
State – Uttrakhand
The 8th largest dam in the world and India’s largest dam, Tehri Dam stands at a staggering height of 261 meters and length of 575 meters and is the highest dam in India.
Standing on the Bhagirathi river, the dam is made of rocks and earth fills, and has a water reservoir of 2,00,000 acre-feet capacity, known as the Tehri Lake, which is a popular tourist attraction. Its first phase was completed in 2006 and the other two phases are still in their ongoing stages. The water from the reservoir is used in irrigation, municipal water supply and power generation of 1,000 MW.
The dam also serves as a massive boost to the tourism industry in Uttrakhand with it being a popular destination for the locals and outsiders alike. The dam offers water sports to its visitors like jet skiing and banana boat ride.
How to reach
By air : Jolly Grant is the closest airport and is 91kms away. From here one can take cabs to the dam.
By rail : Rishikesh is the nearest railway station and cabs are easily available from here to New Tehri town.
2. Bhakra Nangal Dam
State – Himachal Pradesh
Bhakra Nangal Dam is located on the Sutlej river and is the second-largest dam not only in India but the whole of Asia. It stands at a height of 225 meters and has a length of 520 meters and is also the highest gravity dam in India.
The construction of the dam started in 1948 and was completed in the year 1963. The Bhakra Nangal multi-purpose dams are first among the river valley development schemes taken by the government post-independence.
The dam attracts millions of tourist each year with an abundance of tourist spots in its vicinity. One of the most famous ones being the Gobind Lake that serves as the perfect spot to spend time with your loved ones.
How to reach
By air : The closest airport is Chandigarh. You can either take a cab or a public transport option from here.
By rail : The nearest railway station is Nangal Dam which is approximately 36kms.
3. Sardar Sarovar Dam
State – Gujarat
Also called the Narmada Dam after the river that it stands on, Sardar Sarovar Dam is the biggest project on river Narmada. With a height of 163 meters and length of 1210 meters, this is the third-largest dam in India.
The foundation of this dam was laid by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961 and ultimately, the construction work started in 1979. A pivotal point to the Gujarat government, Union Minister Nitin Gadkari had claimed that over 4 crore Gujaratis would get drinking water and 22,000 hectares of land would be irrigated as benefits of the dam.
With the grand Statue of Unity in its vicinity, the dam is a great source of tourism for the state and offers recreational activities like boating to the visitors.
How to reach
By air : Vadodara is the closest airport to Bhakra Nangal Dam which is around 91kms away.
By rail : The closest railway station is the Vadodara Railway Station that is connected to various major cities.
4. Hirakud Dam
State – Odisha
An absolute marvel of architectural and civil engineering fineness, Hirakud Dam is the longest dam in India at almost 26kms. The dam has an area of 1,33,090 sq km, which is more than twice the area of Sri Lanka. The construction was completed in the year 1957.
One of the major attractions here is a drive-through road that you can take over the dam enjoying the lush greenery around it. The quaint atmosphere is enough to draw nature lovers to this dam. Apart from its abundance of greenery, Cattle Island, Vimleshwar Temple, Huma Temple, and Ushakothi Wildlife Sanctuary are a few tourist attractions near the dam.
How to reach
By air : Raipur is the closest airport to Hirakud Dam.
By rail : Sambalpur has two railway stations, Khetrajpur and Sambalpur railway stations and either can be chosen to reach Hirakud.
5. Nagarjuna Sagar Dam
State – Telangana
Located in Nalgonda district in Telangana, Nagarjuna Sagar Dam is the world’s largest masonry dam protected with 26 gates measuring 14m in height and 13m in width. The dam stands at a height of 150 meters and is 16kms in length.
It also serves as one of the biggest sources for generation of hydroelectricity in India and was one of the first projects taken up by the government under the Green Revolution and the dam has been operational since 1967. The dam acts as an active tourist attraction owing to its grand structure and also provides boating services as recreation to the visitors.
How to reach
By air : The nearest International Airport from Nagarjuna-Sagar is Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Hyderabad, a roughly three-hour drive to the dam.
By rail : The nearest Railway Station is Macherla railway station, around 24 Kms from Nagarjuna-Sagar.
Dams are one of the greatest marvels of modern-day architecture and serve as a great source of pride for the nation. They not only serve their purpose towards various government schemes concerning irrigation, water supply and power generation but are also one of the biggest attraction for state tourism.