|Chemical Engineering is the apt career for those who have an aptitude and interest to work with chemicals. However, Chemical Engineering is different from chemical technology. The former is concerned with the designing, supervision, construction, installation and operation of plants and equipments for manufacturing chemical products and developing new methods of production while the latter deals with the actual production of substances with new properties, which require new methods of production in the fields of petroleum refining, fertilizer technology, processing of food and agricultural products. paints and dyes: recycling metals, glass and plastics; cosmetics, mineral based industries and prevention and control of environmental hazards.What do Chemical Engineers do?
The work of Chemical Engineers is the most versatile of all engineers, which involve the invention, development, design, operation and management of processes in industries. So they combine the work of several fields such as those of chemists, industrial engineers, materials engineers as well as mechanical and electrical engineers Chemical engineers are responsible for the availability of modern high-quality materials that are essential for running an industrial economy. They design equipment and operate chemical plants as well as determine the problems and find the solutions and the best methods of production.
The scope for chemical engineers is tending to grow in future due to industrial expansion and the related scarcity of resources needed. They may be demand as they work to create synthetic replacements for those natural materials and resources that are in short supply. Overall chemical engineers could make very important contributions for the improvement and maintenance of the quality of human life.Skills:
- Interest in organic science and problem solving skills must be the tenets of a Chemical engineer.
- Strong technical skills
- High analytical ability, communication skills and ability to work in a team
- For research and development in chemical engineering, computer skills, interest in experiments, assessing project requirements are the skills to be possessed.
- Awareness on the industrial pollutants and security from industry accidents
- It is also necessary to like working with various Organic and Inorganic Chemicals, Flow Sheets of Unit processes, Equipments like Distillation Columns, Evaporators, Heat Exchangers and Reactors.
- Aware of all aspects of chemicals manufacturing and how it affects the environment
- Safety of workers and customers.
- Since Chemical engineering is a vast field, the job prospectus and career options of a Chemical Engineer are varied and different. Chemical engineers play a key role in industries, mostly in the manufacturing field. Their work area varies from petroleum and Petrochemicals to food, materials, specialty chemicals, plastics, power production, environmental control, waste management and biotechnology.
- Besides designing equipments and plants, testing manufacturing processes and supervising production; they also study the properties and effects of dangerous chemicals, device process of neutralising them and also on the development acceptable substitutes.
- Among the manufacturing industries, pharmaceuticals provide the best opportunities for chemical engineers. They are also employed in a variety of manufacturing industries other than chemical manufacturing, such as those producing electronics, photographic equipment, clothing, pulp and paper and even in the development of aircrafts.
- In the government sector, chemical engineers are employed to solve environmental problems such as waste and water treatment, environmental regulations and recycling; on energy sector such as energy conservation and research on alternate energy sources and health-related research projects, defense establishments and atomic power plants.
- They are also employed in service industries such as scientific research and development services, particularly in energy and the developing fields of biotechnology and nanotechnology.
- Other work areas of chemical engineers include food processing, coal preparation and mineral processing, explosives manufacturing, chemical process industries such as fertiliser industry, including pesticides and herbicides, caustic soda, glass and specialty chemicals, dyes and dyestuff, paint, lubricants, steel and aluminum production.
IOCL, ONGC, HPCL, BARC, DRDO, ISRO, CSIR labs. NPCL, NFC, FACT, BPCL, RIL, Hindustan Photo films Ltd., RALLIS, BASF, NALCO, BALCO, SAIL, EIL, UDHE India Ltd., OIL, L&T, GAIL, EXXON, DOW Chemical, Matrix Labs, Dr. Reddy’s Labs, Hindustan Levers, Proctor & Gambler, GE Plastics, ABB Chemicals, Hindustan Fluorocarbons, LG Polymers, Nagarjuna Fertilizers, Cormandel Fertilizers, Aurobindo Pharma, Hetrodrugs, Neuland Labs, etc. Also most of the IT Companies like Infosys, Invensys, Accenture, TCS, Wipro, Tech Mahendra, Infotech etc. recruit chemical engineers.
Top colleges offering Chemical Engineering in India
- BITS, Goa and Mesra
- IISc Bangalore (M.Tech)
- Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (M.Tech)
- Indian Institute of Carpet Technology, Bhadohi
- IICT, Hyderabad (M.Tech in Chemical Engineering)
- Amity University
- Amrita University
- IIT Kanpur, Roorkee, Gandhinagar, Bombay, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kharagpur, Madras
- IIT-BHU, Varanasi
- Motilal Nehru National Institute of Technology Allahabad
- NIT Agartala, Calicut, Durgapur, Karnataka, Raipur, Tiruchirapalli, Warangal, Srinagar