New combinations at degree level
Most of the BiPC students would opt for BZC combination in their B.Sc. However, they have many more options to choose from. Several new subject combinations have been introduced to cater to the emerging needs of the industry. Particularly, the commercial and industrial expansion of microbiology, biochemistry, biotechnology and genetics has created the need for such introduction. These new combinations offer great opportunities to the students those who are inclined towards research and higher studies and resolved to make a bright career in the sciences.
Here are the details of those new combinations that are being offered by the universities in Andhra Pradesh:
  • Botany, Geology, Chemistry
  • Botany, Geology, Geography
  • Geography, Zoology, Geology
  • Geography, Geology, Chemistry
  • Chemistry, Zoology, Geology
  • Chemistry, Geology, Physics
  • Chemistry, Geology, Genetics
  • Microbiology, Zoology, Chemistry
  • Chemistry, Botany, Genetics
  • Microbiology, Genetics, Chemistry
  • Fisheries, Zoology, Chemistry
  • Botany, Chemistry, Forestry
  • Botany, Chemistry, Applied Nutrition
  • Zoology, Chemistry, Applied Nutrition
  • Botany, Applied Nutrition, Public Health
  • Botany, Zoology, Applied Nutrition
  • Chemistry, Applied Nutrition, Public Health
  • Chemistry, Botany, Biochemistry
  • Chemistry, Zoology, Biochemistry
  • Chemistry, Microbiology, Biochemistry
  • Chemistry, Genetics, Biochemistry
  • Botany, Chemistry, Genetics
  • Botany, Zoology, Genetics
  • Botany, Chemistry, Computer Applications
  • Botany, Chemistry, Clinical Nutrition Dietetics
  • Microbiology, Biochemistry, Chemistry
  • Microbiology, Genetics, Biochemistry
  • Microbiology, Chemistry, Computer Applications
  • Microbiology, Biotechnology, Chemistry
  • Biotechnology, Zoology, Chemistry
  • Botany, Seed Technology, Computer Applications
  • Biophysics, Genetics, Chemistry
Students can visit the websites of respective universities to learn more about the combinations that are being offered by them.
Zoology is the branch of biology that studies different aspects of animal kingdom such as structure, embryology, evolution, classification, habits and distribution of the animals.
Most of the students those who complete masters in Zoology take up teaching positions. They are also eligible for the positions such as zoo curators, educators, biological lab technicians, animal behaviorists, rehabilitators and conservists in zoological parks, wildlife services, botanical gardens, nature reserves, different research organisations and national parks.
Chemistry studies the composition, properties and behavior of matter. This is the most sought after among the BiPC subjects. Students those who could make it to M.Sc. and Ph.D. levels can access the opportunities in both industry and academia. A good number of the students are settling down in teaching profession. Besides teaching, they can also join in pharmaceutical companies, research organisations, food processing industries, beverage companies and R&D divisions of the different industries as chemists.
Biotechnology is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make useful products, or any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms to make or modify products or processes for specific use. It is a blend of biology and technology and includes subjects such as genetics, biochemistry, microbiology, biology, chemistry and engineering. This is a research-oriented subject.
Opportunities: At present medical biotechnology and agricultural biotechnology sectors are offering jobs to biotechnologists. About 70% of the revenue is being generated by medical biotechnology in the country. Companies like Shantha Biotech, Dr. Reddy’s Labs, Wockhardt are hiring the biotechnology graduates. The companies that are engaged in development and production of seeds, plantation and fertilizers are also hiring the biotechnologists.
Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, either unicellular (single cell), multicellular (cell colony), or acellular (lacking cells). It includes the disciplines such as virology, mycology, parasitology, bacteriology, among others. Students would be trained on the relationship between the microscopic organisms, humans and essential participants of human environment such as fauna and flora.
After bachelors degree, students can specialise in areas such as bacteriology, virology, mycology, parasitology, and become medical microbiologists, agricultural microbiologists, industrial microbiologists and general microbiologists.
After completion of studies, they can find jobs in research organisations, Pharma companies, food and beverage production units and government and private hospitals. Own diagnostic centres also can be started microbiology graduates.
Biochemistry is also called as biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within, and relating to, living organisms. Over the last 40 years biochemistry has become so successful at explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine are engaged in biochemical research. Today the main focus of pure biochemistry is in understanding how biological molecules give rise to the processes that occur within living cells, which in turn relates greatly to the study and understanding of whole organisms.
Biochemists can find opportunities, which have improved of late, in agriculture, medical and nutrition fields. Now, the government and private medical institutions, hospitals, agricultural and pharmaceutical companies are hiring them.
Forestry is the science, art, and craft of creating, managing, using, conserving, and repairing forests and associated resources to meet desired goals, needs, and values for human benefit. Issues such as global warming, deforestation, disaster mitigation are also included in the curriculum.
After bachelor’s degree, students can opt for specialisations such as forest management, commercial forestry, forest economics, wood and science technology and wildlife sciences. Those who completed their postgraduate degrees in the aforementioned specialisations can find jobs in government departments, NGOs, corporate companies and industries. They are also eligible for Indian Forest Service exams.
Nutrition investigates the dietary habits of the people and nutritional values of different foods in a scientific manner. After B.Sc., students can opt for food sciences and nutrition specilisation in their M.Sc. Home Science.
They can later get into positions such as administrative dieticians, clinical dieticians and research dieticians. Generally, nutrition graduates would be hired hospitals and food and beverage companies. They also can go research and teaching.
Genetics, a discipline of biology, is the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. This subject consists of specialisations such as human genetics, molecular genetics and medical genetics. The experts in this genetics can find employment in health care, food processing, horticulture and agriculture.
Botany or plant biology is a discipline of biology and the science of plant life. Those who have done masters in this subject mostly take up teaching positions. Besides that, they also can join in positions such as environment consultants, plant explorers, ecologists, park rangers, foresters, nursery mangers, plant biochemist, plant pathologist and farming consultants.
Higher Education after B.Sc.
After B.Sc., students can join in programmes such as M.Sc., integrated M.Sc.-Ph.D. and Ph.D.
All most all the universities in our state are offering M.Sc. programmes in the aforestated combinations. Students can also do PG programmes from prestigious institutions such as IITs, IISc, IIITs and national institutes. They are also eligible for M.Sc. in Forensic Science.
M.Sc. in IITs
BSC students can pursue M.Sc. in prestigious Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) upon securing rank in the Joint Admission Test for M.Sc. (IIT-JAM) conducted by the IITs. Based on the rank in this exam, students can join M.Sc., Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D. and M.Sc.-Ph.D. duel degree programmes in IITs. The JAM is conducted in 8 subjects and the entrance of some of the subjects also provides opportunity to join in other subjects. JAM notification is regularly issued in November/ December months.
The Programmes on Offer:
  • IIT-Bombay: Applied Geology, Biotechnology, Chemistry and M.Sc.-Ph.D. duel degree in Biotechnology.
  • IIT-Khargpur: Joint M.Sc.-Ph.D. programme in Chemistry.
  • IIT-Delhi: M.Sc. Chemistry.
  • IIT-Gauhati: M.Sc. Chemistry.
  • IIT-Kanpur: M.Sc. Chemistry.
  • IIT-Madras: M.Sc. Chemistry.
  • IIT-Roorkee: M.Sc. Biotechnology, Chemistry.
  • IIT-Hyderabad: M.Sc. Chemistry.

M.Sc. in AIIMS

The All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), the prestigious medical institution in the country, has been offering M.Sc. programmes. Here are the details:
M.Sc., M. Biotech. (Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology and Pharmacology).
Eligibility: Pass of B.Sc./B.V.Sc./MBBS/BDS with minimum 60 % marks.
M.Sc (Perfusion Technology)
Eligibility: B.Sc. (Biology)/ B.Sc. (Perfusion Technology).
M.Sc. (Urology Technology).
Eligibility: B.Sc. with Biology as a main subject.
Admission into these programmes will be made based on the performance in the all-India entrance exam conducted by the institute. Entrance notification would be issued in the March and exam would be conducted in July.
For more details, log on to AIIMS website – www.aiims.edu
All-India Biotechnology Entrance Test
The Delhi-based Jawaharlal Nehru University conducts the All-India Biotechnology Entrance Test every year and the ranks of this test is being accepted by 32 prestigious universities and institutes including Hyderabad Central University for admission into their M.Sc. and PG Diploma programmes in Biotechnology.
National Institute of Virology
The NIV is one of the reputed virus research laboratories in the country, which works under the Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR). The curriculum of M.Sc. (Virology) programme offered at NIV has been developed to cater to the needs of the industry and health sector.
Eligibility: B.Sc. (Microbiology, Zoology, Botany, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Life Sciences)/ B.V.Sc./MBBS.
Admission will be given based on the student’s performance in the all-India entrance examination conducted by the institute, for which the notification is issued in every April.
Website: www.niv.co.in
M.Sc. in Forensic Science
The ever-expanding role of forensic science in solving cases has been well recognised. Forensic experts play an important role in collecting clues and samples from crime spot and analyzing to take the case to a logical end.
The M.Sc. programme in Forensic Science is being offered by Osmania University in Andhra Pradesh. The number of seats on offer is 24 and all of them are self-financed.
Here are the details of the other universities that are offering M.Sc. in Forensic Science:
Department of Forensic Sciences, Punjabi University.
Programme: M.Sc. Forensic Science
Eligibility: B.Sc./BDS/MBBS
Programme: Diploma in Forensic Science (Evening)
Department of Chemistry, Gujarat University.
Programme: M.Sc. Forensic Science
Eligibility: B.Sc. with minimum of 50% marks.
Department of Anthropology, University of Delhi.
Programme: PG Diploma in Forensic Science
Website: www.du.ac.in
All the universities in the state are offering Ph.D. programmes in aforestated combinations. After Ph.D., one can take up the positions such as lecturer and assistant professor in colleges and universities and research associates and scientists in research organisations and departments. The starting salary ranges between Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 1 lakh based the candidate’s worth and the position that he is selected for.
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